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The main hallmark of the Spanish community of Castilla y León is its valuable cultural heritage. A legacy that is not only a sample of the past, but the basis of its development and economy and one of the highest excellence resources for the present and future of citizens.
The heritage range in Castilla y León covers more than 1800 goods corresponding to any kind of the protection categories for cultural heritage. More than 1,400 correspond to monuments, 134 to historical and ethnological sets, 121 to rock art, 108 to archaeological sites, and 16 among historic gardens, historical sites and scenic spots. This includes 12 cathedrals and more than 500 castles.
It needs to be highlight 8 cultural assets recognized as World Heritage: Cathedral of Burgos; the cities of Avila, Salamanca and Segovia; the Camino de Santiago; Las Médulas archaeological & cultural landscape; the archaeological and paleontological sites in the Sierra de Atapuerca; the set of rock art of Siega Verde (extending the Portuguese Côa Valley); and 2 resources included in the list of intangible cultural heritage: falconry and Mediterranean diet.
Other categories of protection, as the corresponding to the inventory of cultural assets of Castilla y León, contain more than 30,000 movable goods.
As a whole, it should be noted the diversity of the cultural heritage of Castilla y León, made up of outstanding movable & immovable assets of different types, representing different periods and styles, which include, in quantity and in quality, all the stages of human evolution from the early stages of the Paleolithic until more recent times, incorporating goods produced industrially, as the Renault 4 CV automobile (declared of cultural interest).
The evaluation of the cultural heritage of Castilla y León, along with regulatory instruments and national and international applicable recommendations, in addition to experience in the development of competencies since 1983, have formed the current Plan PAHIS 2020.
The Directorate General of Cultural Heritage (Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural) is responsible for taking a reflective attitude and dynamic planning on this resource, addressing not only the day to day, but programming in the medium and long term of proper implementation of coherent plans to allow maintaining and transmitting, understanding the meaning and value, the cultural heritage over time.


Jesús Del Val Recio


Dirección General de Patrimonio Cultural - Servicio de Planificación y Estudios
Avda. Monasterio Nuestra Señora de Prado, s/n 47014 – Valladolid - SPAIN​

Prof. Roberto di Giulio
University of Ferrara, Italy
T his project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020
research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 665220.